Occupation Indicators

Social Determinants of Lung Cancer Incidence in Canada: A 13-Year Prospective Study

This visualization presents a study conducted by Mitra, Shaw, Tjepkema, and Peters (2015). The study examined the relationship between lung cancer and a set of socio-economic variables, including income, education, and occupation. The sample was taken from the 1991 Canadian Census, and it included 2,734,835 of Canadians aged 25 or older. The sample was linked to the Canadian cancer registry and the Canadian mortality registry. The study found that from 1991 to 2003, 215,700 of the cohort members were diagnosed with at least one type of cancer. Lung cancer was the most prevalent, accounting for 14% of all incident cases and representing 30,075 cohort members. Age-standardized incidence rates were calculated by age, sex, income, education, and occupation.
Rate ratios were calculated using the following reference groups:
  • University degree for Education.
  • Quintile 5 (The highest) for Income.
  • Managerial level for Occupation.
This visualization shows Age-standardized incidence rates for lung cancer per 100,000 person-years at risk .


  • Mitra, D., Shaw, A., Tjepkema, M., & Peters, P. (2015). Social determinants of lung cancer incidence in Canada: a 13-year prospective study. Health Rep26, 12-20.