Ethnicity and Gender Indicators

Influence of Neighborhood Deprivation, Gender and Ethno-Racial Origin on Smoking Behavior of Canadian Youth

This visualization presents a study conducted by Matheson et al. (2011). The study examined the relationship between deprivation and youth smoking, and the effect of gender and ethnicity on this relation. Data was taken from the Canadian Community Health Survey (2000–2005) and the neighborhood-level data from the 2001 Canada Census. The sample included 15,615 young Canadians aged 12-18. The Census Tracts defined by the 2001 Census of Canada were used as neighborhoods. The study used a neighborhood material deprivation index that was developed based on research of Matheson et al. (2010) and Matheson et al. (2006). The study used bivariate and multilevel logistic regression models to predict the probability of smoking among respondents.

The visualization shows odds of smoking by neighborhood material deprivation and individual-level variables among youth aged 12–18.



  • Matheson, F. I., LaFreniere, M. C., White, H. L., Moineddin, R., Dunn, J. R., & Glazier, R. H. (2011). Influence of neighborhood deprivation, gender and ethno-racial origin on smoking behavior of Canadian youth. Preventive medicine, 52(5), 376-380.